Kazım Serkan SUNAL1, Ayşen CANİKLİOĞLU2, Hüseyin DEMİR3, Emre ERSOY3, Derya KOÇER4, Kıymet DOLBUN SEÇKİN1, Aysun ŞAHİN SUNAL1, Gülden BAŞKOL2

1Institute of Health Sciences, Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
2Department of Biochemistry, Medical Faculty of Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
3Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Erciyes University, Kayseri, Turkey
4Department of Biochemistry, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey

Keywords: Cathepsin-K, matrix metalloproteinase-3, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand, rheumatoid arthritis, tumor necrosis factor alpha


Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the biomarkers of bone formation and resorption to determine the mechanism of bone deformities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Patients and methods: Thirty patients (9 males, 21 females; mean age, 51.5 years; range 23 to 73 years) with RA and 19 healthy individuals (7 males, 12 females; mean age 51 years; range 24 to 61 years) were included in this study. Patients with RA were subgrouped according to disease activity (active, n=21, mean age 53.0; range 37 to 73 years; inactive, n=9, mean age 46.0; range 23 to 62 years). Levels of receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL), osteoprotegerin (OPG), tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), cathepsin-K, and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) were measured in patient and control groups with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method.
Results: Levels of RANKL, OPG, cathepsin-K, TNF-α and MMP-3 activities of the patients were significantly higher when compared with the controls (p<0.05). A comparison of the active and inactive patients with RA revealed that OPG levels and MMP-3 activities were significantly higher in active group than inactives (p<0.05), while there was no significant difference in TNF-α, RANKL levels, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b and cathepsin-K activities between two groups (p>0.05).
Conclusion: Increased RANKL, OPG, TNF-α, cathepsin-K levels and MMP-3 activities in RA patients demonstrated that these parameters are related to bone deformities which occur in the process of RA. Widespread use of these parameters may be beneficial for the early diagnosis and effective treatment of RA and similar diseases resulting in bone deformities in the future.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.