High Frequency of Fibromyalgia in Patients With Acne Vulgaris
Levent YAZMALAR1, Tahsin ÇELEPKOLU2, İbrahim BATMAZ1, Mustafa Akif SARIYILDIZ1, Bilal SULA3, Mahmut ALPAYCI4, İsa AN3, Yahya Kemal BURKAN5, Haydar UÇAK3, Remzi ÇEVİK1
1Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey
2Department of Family Physician, Medical Faculty of Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey
3Department of Dermatology, Medical Faculty of Dicle University, Diyarbakır, Turkey
4Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Medical Faculty of Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey
5Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Memorial Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey
Keywords: Acne vulgaris, fibromyalgia, pain
Objectives: This study aims to investigate the frequency of fibromyalgia syndrome and to specify fibromyalgia syndrome-associated clinical symptoms in patients with acne vulgaris.
Patients and methods: Eighty-eight patients (28 males, 60 females; mean age 23.2±5.1 years; range 18 to 40 years) with acne vulgaris and age, sex- and body mass index-similar 76 healthy controls (14 males, 62 females; mean age 24.5±2.9 years; range 18 to 35 years) were included. Acne vulgaris was evaluated by using the Global Acne Scale, while Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale was used to evaluate anxiety.
Results: Fibromyalgia-associated pain, sleep disturbance, anxiety, and menstrual cycle disturbance were significantly more frequent in patients with acne vulgaris than controls. Also, the severity of anxiety and the number of tender points were significantly higher in the acne vulgaris patients than controls.
Conclusion: This study indicates that patients with acne vulgaris have increased frequency of fibromyalgia syndrome than healthy controls (21.6% versus 5.3%, respectively).
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.