Inspection of Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase Gene Polymorphism in Patients With Henoch Schönlein Purpura
Makbule Nihan SOMUNCU1, Mahmut Selman YILDIRIM1, Ayşegül ZAMANİ1, Harun PERU2
1Department of Medical Genetics, Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Medical Faculty, Konya, Turkey
2Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Selçuk University, Selçuklu Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey
Keywords: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase gene; Glu298Asp polymorphism; Henoch Schönlein purpura; real time polymerase chain reaction
Objectives: This study aims to investigate the effect of Glu298Asp polymorphism, which is observed at endothelial nitric oxide synthase isoform particularly, having a significant impact on endothelial functions of nitric oxide synthase gene and on vascular system in patients with Henoch Schönlein purpura (HSP).
Patients and methods: Ninety-five patients who were diagnosed with HSP and 93 healthy controls without any previous vascular disease, hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases were included in this study. The patient group was compared with the controls for Glu298Asp genotype and allele frequencies. The patients were classified according to the clinical complications and were compared with controls and also each other for allele and genotype frequencies. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and LightCycler“ 2.0 system were used.
Results: There was no statistically significant difference in the genotype frequencies between the HSP patients and healthy controls. No significant differences in Glu298Asp gene polymorphism among the patient groups were observed. However, polymorphism had an significant effect on patients with all involvements statistically (PTT=0.001, PGG=0.000).
Conclusion: We conclude that Glu298Asp polymorphism has no effect on the development of HSP vasculitis; however, it may have an impact on the clinical progress of the existing disease.